Difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Type 1 and type 2 are the main diabetes people suffer from. Type 2 is more widely spread than type 1. 90 per cent of people with diabetes will have type 2 diabetes. Both diabetes occurs due to abnormal accumulation of blood glucose level in the body.

There are many differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It has been observed that a male with diabetes also gets erectile dysfunction. The major difference is that one can reverse or control type 2 with lifestyle changes. If a person is prediabetic and comes to know of the condition much early, the chances are high that it can be reversed with just diet change and leading an active lifestyle. Let us study some major differences between the two main types of diabetes.

Occurrence period

Generally, it is seen that type 1 develops in childhood or immediately after birth. In many cases, it may come with birth. It is based on genetic factors and the family history of such a problem.

Type 2 diabetes can occur in adulthood. It takes place due to several lifestyle factors like diet, lifestyle and weight of the person. A male or female with a sedentary lifestyle, obesity and poor diet choice is likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes development

This type of diabetes is also called an autoimmune disease because the immune system of the body is attacking and killing beta cells in the pancreas that produce insulin.  There is no exact medical reason for this type of situation in type 1 diabetes. The immune system continues to do the same thing, which makes the pancreas incapable of producing insulin.

Type 2 diabetes comes late in life. It is possible to check its onset and spread with an active lifestyle. Some conditions in life attract type 2 diabetes. A body is no longer sensitive to the insulin it produces. The body may produce more to deal with insulin resistance, but ultimately the strain on the pancreas destroys its insulin-producing capacity.

Production of insulin in two diabetes

In type 1 diabetes, the body cannot produce insulin because the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are attacked by the body’s immune system.

In the case of type 2, the body produces insulin, but its production is low or the body has developed resistance to the insulin it produces. This is why, obesity, lifestyle choices and diet make it possible to get into conditions that lead to type 2 diabetes.

Diagnosis symptoms

Type 1 diabetes is associated with higher than normal levels of ketone levels at the diagnosis level. Type 2 diabetes is observed in persons with high blood pressure, being overweight, or high cholesterol levels.

Treatment methods

Type 1 diabetic needs insulin because the body cannot make insulin. The treatment can continue for a longer period. Type 2 diabetes needs a change in diet, some exercise and medication to control the progression of diabetes. A type 2 diabetic can control and reverse diabetes with diet change and physical activities if the level of diabetes is low.

Doctors prescribe Glucobay 50mg to type 2 diabetes persons along with a change in diet and lifestyle. The medical experts acknowledge that a healthy balanced diet and regular exercises will keep diabetes under control. Not only is it possible to control the progression of type 2 diabetes, but it is also easy to reverse the condition, provided you are aware of it at an early stage.

Dependency on insulin injections

Type 1 diabetic needs insulin injection right from the beginning along with other medications, the doctors might suggest. 

Type 2 diabetic needs insulin injection in extreme cases. This happens when the body is totally unable to process the insulin it produces. The higher insulin resistance increases dependency on insulin injection.

In case of inability of the pancreas to produce insulin due to damage done to beta cells, a type 2 diabetic person becomes like type 1 diabetic, who needs insulin injection.

Vital difference

Type 2 diabetes comes with prediabetes. It is the condition, in which a man may have higher than normal blood glucose levels. But the level is not yet reached to be labelled as type second diabetes. If a man or a woman with prediabetes can get the early detection of the condition, it is possible to permanently cure it.

Prediabetes just needs a change in diet and some exercise in daily regimen to prevent further progression.  Whole grains, beans, lentil, nuts, and fruits with low sugar and totally reducing intake of flavoured drinks can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes at this stage of medical development, cannot be cured or reversed. It is possible to keep it under control with medication and other necessary precautions doctors suggest.

Risk factors

Risk factors are also different in both cases. Type 1 is more associated with family history, genetics, and age. A person with a sibling or family member with type 1 has a greater risk of developing type 1 diabetes. Certain genes also point towards higher risk.

Type 2 diabetes risk factors are obesity, higher blood pressure, prediabetes which is not under control, belly fat, sedentary lifestyle, intake of junk food, drinking aerated drinks, flavoured drinks and gestational diabetes.

Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant ladies or ladies during childbirth. It has been observed that such ladies can get type 2 diabetes when lifestyle factors change.

Some males who have diabetes develop the risk of erectile dysfunction. Though doctors prescribe Generic Levitra 60mg to overcome erection weakness, controlling diabetes is essential to get the permanent cure.


You may not have control over type one diabetes, but certainly, you can control the risk of developing type second diabetes. Keep a balanced diet, stick to some form of physical exercises daily and avoid or moderate the consumption of junk food and processed foods. Regular checking of blood glucose levels also helps to keep track of the onset of prediabetes. With a healthy lifestyle, you can leave life without any disease.


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