The success of a dental restoration depends upon variety of things like the fabric chosen, its mechanical properties, anatomical form, surface texture, translucency and color. so as to beat the unaesthetic metallic seen in PFM restorations, dental research began to be directed towards metal-free ceramic restorations to enhance the aesthetic outcome. we’ll discuss the differences and make some suggestions relative to when and where Zircon dioxide and IPS E-max crowns are best suited and discuss advantages and drawbacks of those two sorts of crowns.
The success of a dental restoration depends upon variety of things like the fabric chosen, its mechanical properties, anatomical form, surface texture, translucency and color. the foremost common aesthetic restorative material utilized in day to day practice for crown and bridge work is porcelain fused to metal (PFM) due to its excellent mechanical properties
Excellent mechanical properties
(1). However, the much superior aesthetic outcome of metal-free ceramic restorations has led to their increasing popularity, especially within the anterior regions of the mouth. so as to beat the unaesthetic metallic hue seen in PFM restorations, dental research began to be directed towards metal-free ceramic restorations to enhance the aesthetic outcome .
(2). Research and development led to the creation of the many metal-free ceramic systems. There’s been a huge amount of advertising on both full zirconia crowns and IPS E-max lithium disilicate crowns.
(3). The characteristics of every material make them ideal for various situations. Understanding the advantages and risks related to both Zirconia and E-max will make it easier to make the right crown.. Most dentists are reluctant to use any new or moderately proven restoration type for all of their restorations. Porcelain-fused-to-metal is well proven and has had over 50 years of successful use. E –max crown may be a sort of all ceramic crown which is preferred for its long lasting, aesthetic qualities.
E-max Crown Mechanism
Crown is formed from one block of lithium disilicate ceramic. this is often top grade material which has been harvested for its toughness, durability and opaque qualities which makes it a highly prized crown. there’s no metal inside the crown so it means no gray line round the gum line. they’re considered to be at less risk of chipping to the zirconia crown. it’s rare, but E-max crowns can fracture at the time of try-in or during adjustment of the occlusion. the foremost common reason for the ceramic to fracture is insufficient material thickness. The manufacturers’ stated strength of any ceramic material is completely hooked in to the thickness of the fabric and therefore the preparation design. Recommendation is extremely specific tooth preparation requirements for his or her materials so as to ensure maximum strength and predictable longevity. Needless to mention , anything but following these recommendations will end in a weaker final restoration. Ivoclar’s recommended tooth reduction
1. a minimum of 1.5 mm occlusal reduction for cusp tips and therefore the central groove.
2. 1.5 mm on the axial walls circumferentially within the occlusal one-third.
3. a minimum of 1.0 mm deep flat shoulder margin.
Chamfer or feather edge finish lines are contraindicated. Although similar in functionality with dioxide, the difference between E-max and Zirconia crowns is that E-max is more translucent than Zirconia. The translucency of E-max crowns allows in additional light. This creates a more lifelike crown that needs no stain. However, for a dark tooth underneath, this characteristic makes Zirconia the higher choice
IPS E-MAX Strength & Esthetics
With flexibility in terms of shades, translucency and cementation, it can adapt to a spread of clinical situations. Using high-tech CAD/CAM fabrication, anterior crowns, posterior crowns and inlays/on lays all exhibit precision quality and fit. The monolithic sort of IPS e-max CAD lithium disilicate is one among the foremost durable restorations available today.
IPS e-max CAD unites modern processing technology with a high-performance material, lithium disilicate. The glass-ceramic is processed during a crystalline intermediate phase. during this “soft” state, the fabric exhibits its unusual “bluish” color and strength of roughly 160 MPa. within the “blue” phase, the restorations are often manually adjusted or cut-back during a fast and efficient fashion.
IPS e-max CAD acquires its final strength of 360 MPa and therefore the desired esthetic characteristics, like tooth color, translucency and brightness, during an easy and quick crystallization process. counting on the case at hand and therefore the preoperative situation, you’ll provide your patients with impeccable aesthetics that need high mechanical stability.
Types Of Restorations
we’ll discuss the differences and make some suggestions relative to when and where the 2 sorts of restorations are best suited. Both full zirconia and lithium disilicate restorations have proven themselves in situations requiring only single-tooth restorations. it doesn’t matter if it’ll be anterior or posterior side. the thought that we cannot use an E-max crown on molars is fake . this sort of crown is thin, but when it’s cemented on the tooth and if the preparation of the tooth and thickness of the crown is proper, connection is extremely hard and with enamel it’s getting like one tissue. We cannot say an equivalent about fixation of zircon dioxide crowns, especially problems with recomentation .we occur after cementing zircon dioxide bridges, single dioxide crowns prove themselves better. Zirconia or lithium disilicate crowns are often utilized in three-unit fixed prostheses replacing one missing tooth. Some laboratories are promoting longer span units of zirconia restorations. Additionally, a comparatively large connector junction of about 4 mm in diameter is usually recommended to supply acceptable strength when connecting the abutments to the pontic areas. Multiple-unit lithium disilicate restorations aren’t advised at this point in posterior locations
. E-max and zirconia restorations can help fix:
• Discolored or stained teeths
• Crooked teeths
• Chipped or cracked teeths
• Older dental works utilizing metal
Despite manufacturers’ efforts to form zirconia significantly more translucent, the transmittance values of those materials still don’t match conventional lithium disilicate. More research is required on zirconia towards making the fabric more translucent for its potential use as esthetic monolithic restoration. Within the restrictions of the study, it are often concluded that prime translucency lithium disilicate is that the most translucent material amongst the materials studied. Further research is required on improving the microstructural features of zirconia materials so as to reinforce their translucency.
Read More: ROLE OF PEEK DENTAL MATERIAL IN DENTISTRY