The History of Background Checks
The history of background checks dates to the early days of the United States. Since then, the use of background checks has become increasingly common. They are now used by businesses, schools, and other organizations to screen potential employees and students. Keep reading to learn more about the history of background checks.
What is the history of the background check?
A background check online is a process of retrieving and reviewing information about an individual, including criminal and other records from online databases. A background check may determine an individual’s suitability for employment, licensing, security clearance, or other purposes. Several different organizations offer background checks, including commercial providers and government agencies.
The use of background checks for employment and other purposes can be traced back to the early 1900s, when companies began to conduct criminal background checks on prospective employees. However, it was not until the late 1970s that the use of background checks became widespread.
One of the earliest documented cases of employment-related background checks was in 1906, when the Pennsylvania Railroad conducted criminal background checks on potential employees. In the early 1900s, most companies conducted some form of background check on potential employees, but the checks were not standardized and were not conducted for the same reasons.
In the late 1970s, however, the use of background checks became more widespread as the number of companies conducting background checks increased. This was largely due to the passage of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) in 1970, which made it easier for companies to obtain background checks on prospective employees.
The FCRA allows companies to obtain background checks from credit reporting agencies, which compile information on individuals’ credit history, criminal history, and other information. The FCRA also requires companies to get the consent of the individual before conducting a background check.
Since the passage of the FCRA, the use of background checks has continued to grow. In particular, the use of background reviews for employment purposes has continued to increase. This is due, in part, to the increasing number of states that have passed laws requiring companies to conduct background checks on employees.
Today, the use of background checks is widespread and is used for a variety of purposes, including employment, housing, and loans.
How are background checks conducted?
The process of conducting a background search can vary depending on the type of check being conducted but typically involves compiling criminal and credit history information on the individual in question. This information can be retrieved from public records, credit bureaus, and other private databases. Background checks are often used by employers during the hiring process to screen potential employees. Its purpose is to identify any potential red flags that may disqualify an applicant from being hired.
There are several different types of background checks that can be conducted, including criminal background checks, credit checks, and sex offender registry searches. Criminal background checks are by far the most common, and typically involve looking up an individual’s criminal record to see if they have been convicted of any crimes in the past. Credit checks are used to assess an individual’s financial history and determine their level of responsibility when it comes to money. Sex offender registry searches are used to ensure that potential employees do not have a history of sexual offenses.
Each type of background check has its own set of pros and cons that need to be taken into account when deciding if it’s appropriate for a particular situation. For example, while criminal background checks may reveal some potentially troubling information about an individual, they also provide employers with a sense of security knowing that all potential employees have been screened for felony convictions. On the other hand, credit checks may not be as reliable in certain cases as people with poor credit histories may still be able to get jobs despite their financial instability.