internet protocols

Internet protocol is a set of rules that controls the traffic and transmission of data over the internet. In order to make a successful link, both the user and the network should follow the same protocols. For example, if you want to communicate with someone, you have to speak in their language and vocabulary. Likewise, when we access any website, trade information, or any other task, then it is controlled by the internet protocol rules.

The working of the internet protocol is simple. It controls how the internet and other data networks handle data packets and organize them according to the network-supported codes. These protocols manage the flow of data and enable us to communicate with the internet properly.

Different Internet Protocols Types

The internet network protocols are the same across all internet services. The different types of internet protocols are as follows.

  • TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol are a group of standard rules that enables the communication between computer systems. Each user has a unique IP address that separates it from others.

TCP ensures that the informational packets contain the correct data, location, and sequence in which it is requested by the host. After that, it makes sure that the data reaches the right destination. The working of TCP is divided into the following layers:

  1. Application Layer – It checks that the data from the sender reaches the receiver in an acceptable and supported format.
  2. Transport Layer – It ensures that data transmission and communication are seamless from end to end. It also helps keep the network consistent and troubleshoot any errors.
  3. Internet Layer – It serves as the networking bridge between packets to move from source to target.
  4. Network Access Layer – It sees to the connection of a computer to the internet network.
  • SMTP

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol is a set of rules for handling and managing outgoing mail. The protocol sends and distributes mail by reading the receiver’s email id from the mail header and forwards the mail into the outgoing queue. In the end, once the email is sent and received, it removes the mail from the outgoing email list.

  • PPP

Point-to-Point Protocol is a set of direct communication rules that creates the link between two devices wanting to communicate with each other. In addition, it establishes control rules by which the two devices can validate and trade data or information with one another. So, if two users or users and servers want to connect and communicate with each other, they will be connected via PPP.

  • FTP

File Transfer Protocol governs the transfer of files from one user to another. When a user seeks to transfer a file from another machine or server, FTP creates a link between them and validates their identity with ID and password. After that, the file transfer is successfully carried out between the two systems.

  • SFTP

Secure File Transfer Protocol or File Transfer Protocol over Secure Shell (SSH – FTP) is the same as FTP but with security and encryption. It hides both the data and the instructions or codes during transmission. On the other hand, the Secure File Transfer Protocol secures the data by encrypting it and then transferring it via the Secure Shell gateway. This method is highly useful in connecting and updating data over a remote connection.

  • HTTP

HyperText Transfer Protocol is responsible for transferring hypertexts (special text format that contains links to information) through the internet and is determined by the World Wide Web or WWW. HyperText Transfer Protocol handles the way the data and information are being transferred and also controls the browser’s response to a specific search query or link. So, whenever you open a website, it is automatically search with HTTP, which handles sharing information, data, text, images, and other files over the World Wide Web.

  • HTTPs

HyperText Transfer Protocol Secured is the secure version of HyperText Transfer Protocol that enables safe and private connections between computers and networks. It uses the SSL/TLS code to maintain data encryption and validation.

Although most links start with HTTPS, it is better to ensure they do and avoid links that don’t. It is especially necessary for websites where you are entering sensitive information. However, websites that demand sensitive information require an SSL certificate for better security and privacy. Still, it is better to visit only HTTPS websites and avoid others altogether.


Terminal Network is the normal TCP/IP protocol that handles virtual terminal service under ISO and helps connect a local system to another machine called a remote computer. A terminal network helps us convey the information presented on the remote computer to the local system. The remote computer has the terminal network server program, and the local system has the terminal network client program.

  • POP3

Post Office Protocol version 3 contains two Message Access Agents (MAAs). One represents the User Message Access Agent, and the other one represents the Network Message Access Agent. This protocol catches mail from the mailbox on the recipient email server and to its computer. It helps us to handle and manage emails and decide what to do with them.

Things You Should Know About Internet Protocols

An Internet Protocol (IP) is a set of rules that govern how computers communicate over a network. IPs are responsible for routing traffic between devices and ensuring that data packets are delivered to their intended destination. There are two main types of IP: Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) and Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6).

IPv4 is the most common type of IP in use today. It is a 32-bit address that can support up to 4,294,967,296 unique addresses. IPv4 is the protocol that powers the Internet today, but it has limitations due to the limited number of available addresses.

IPv6 is a newer version of IP that uses a 128-bit address. This allows for a much larger number of unique addresses, which is necessary as the number of devices connected to the Internet continues to grow.

Most home users don’t need to worry about which type of IP their devices are using, as most routers and ISPs will automatically assign the appropriate IP based on the device’s location. However, if you’re interested in learning more about IP or troubleshooting networking issues, it’s important to understand the basics of how these protocols work.


These were the internet protocols that help us communicate with the network and perform different functions. These and some additional protocols also support the internet service providers to communicate with each other and also provide users with internet services.

However, these protocols also contain your internet protocol address, which is your unique identity on the internet. As networks use that to recognize you on the internet, it can lead to your personal or private information, which can be dangerous in the wrong hands. So, it is better to get services from a trusted and authentic vendor, like Spectrum internet, to stay on the safe side. Visit this site to get your hands on their best package that also gives you a free router and anti-virus software. Spectrum provides one of the best services with fast and reliable connectivity and without data limit, which is an added benefit. So, head over and get the best provider in town.


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